Fungal diseases of the nails are very common, and mostly occur on the fingers of the lower extremities. Many people do not even know that they have this problem because the infection attacks the inner side of the nail plate, which is why the damage, at least in the beginning, is almost invisible.
Later, the diseased nail changes color, becomes thickened and begins to bend, which is a signal that the disease has taken hold. Moisture and heat affect the faster development of the infection (long-term wearing of shoes, irregular and inadequate hygiene), so the fungus spreads quickly and completely destroys the nail in just a few months.
In addition to the aesthetic, this can be a very serious health problem, especially in the case of diabetes and weakened immunity. In people with diabetes, the circulation in the feet becomes worse over time, so relatively small inflammation leads to complications in the form of open wounds, which are difficult to heal.
Causes of infection
Infection of the nails of the hands or feet in medical terminology is referred to as onychomycosis. Although they are much more common on the feet, they can also occur on the fingernails. It is especially pronounced during poor hygiene, exposure to detergents, as well as after an unprofessional manicure or due to long-term wearing of artificial nails.
Fungal infections are more common in older people, because after the age of forty, nails grow more slowly and are less resistant to infections. Toenails are at greater risk of fungal infection if the feet sweat excessively, especially if socks and shoes are worn that prevent ventilation and do not absorb sweat.
The causes can be various types of fungi, even very persistent candida. These infections are treated with antifungals, and natural herbal preparations are a very important aid in both treatment and prevention.
Symptoms and treatment
When the nail becomes yellow, whitish or green-brown, the infection has already taken hold and should be reacted immediately. At this stage, we recommend the use of wild oregano oil, as well as warm baths.
After steaming the feet for twenty minutes in a herbal bath, it is necessary to cut the nails as close as possible to the source of the infection, and then steam the feet again for ten minutes. Then the feet must be well dried, and the diseased nails and the skin around them smeared with diluted wild oregano oil, mixed with olive oil, in a ratio of 4: 1 in favor of olive oil.
It is best to apply it with a piece of cotton wool in order to keep the liquid in a critical place for as long as possible.
In the advanced phase of the disease, the nail becomes thickened, distorted and brittle, and pieces of dead tissue gather under healthy surfaces, so the horny plate begins to separate from the bed. This uncomfortable and painful condition can be alleviated with daily baths and treatments with oregano oil.
The only real prevention against fungal infections is good hygiene. For nails to be healthy, they must be dry and clean. Therefore, it is necessary to dry the feet thoroughly after bathing, especially between the toes. People whose feet sweat excessively have to change their socks often and use preparations and baths against sweating their feet.
Also, the nails should not be under nail polish for too long, and it is not advisable to wear artificial nails for a long time because the pink plate is weak, it becomes brittle and susceptible to infections.