Globally dermatitis affected approximately 230 million people as of 2010 (3.5% of the population). Dermatitis is most commonly seen in infancy(childhood) in mainly females .
Nearly half outgrow the condition or have significant improvement as they get older.
Eczema can be occurs mainly during reproduction phase (15-49) years in females.
Most cases are well managed with topical treatments and ultraviolet light.
About 2% of cases do not treated with ultraviolet light and topical treatments. More than 60% of young children, the condition subsides by adolescence could not be treated with ultraviolet light and topical treatments.
Dermatitis was estimated to affect 245 million people globally in 2015. 3.34% of the world population. Atopic dermatitis is the most common type and generally starts in childhood.
The United States, it affects about 10–30% of people.
Contact dermatitis is twice as common in females as males.
Allergic contact dermatitis affects about 7% of people at some point in their lives.
Irritant contact dermatitis is common, especially among people with certain occupations;-
I.e.:- Workers employed in healthcare and social assistance industries and life, physical, and social science occupations had the highest rates of reported dermatitis. About 6% of dermatitis cases among U.S. workers were attributed to work by a healthcare professional, indicating that the prevalence rate of work-related dermatitis among workers was at least 0.6%.
However exact rate of infections are unclear.
What is eczema
“Eczema is a condition that makes your skin red and itchy.”
It’s common in children but can occur at any age. Atopic dermatitis is long lasting (chronic) and tends to flare periodically. It may be accompanied by asthma or hay fever.
No cure has been found for atopic dermatitis. But treatments and self-care measures can relieve itching and prevent new outbreaks.
• Eczema, also called atopic dermatitis.
• It’s often seen in babies and young children, appearing on the faces of infants.
• But eczema can come in a variety of types in children, teens, and adults.
• It is a common skin condition that isn’t contagious.
• As many as 15% to 20% of people experience eczema or another form of dermatitis at some point.
• Eczema damages the skin barrier function (the “glue” of your skin). This loss of barrier function makes your skin more sensitive and more prone to infection and dryness.
• Eczema doesn’t harm your body. It doesn’t mean that your skin is dirty or infected, and it’s not contagious. There are treatments that can help manage your symptoms.
• In the word “dermatitis,” “derm” means “skin” and “it is” means “inflammation.” The word as a whole means “inflammation of the skin.”
Types of eczema
Eczema is sometimes called atopic dermatitis, which is the most common form. “Atopic” refers to an allergy. People with eczema often have allergies or asthma along with itchy, red skin.
Eczema comes in a few other forms, too. Each eczema type has its own set of symptoms and triggers.
- Atopic dermatitis:-
Eczema is also called “Atopic dermatitis”
“ Atopic dermatitis is a condition that causes your skin to become dry, red, itchy and bumpy.”
It is a most common form of eczema. Usually starts in childhood, and often gets milder or goes away by adulthood.
Atopic dermatitis is part of what doctors call the atopic triad.
“Triad” means three.
The other two diseases in the triad are asthma and hay fever. Many people with atopic dermatitis have all three conditions.
Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is very normal, very common, and very, very uncomfortable. It can affect your quality of life.
At its worse it can keep you from sleeping, distract you and make you feel self-conscious in public.
Atopic dermatitis can show up anywhere on your skin. In teens and adults, it’s typically found on your hands, neck, inner elbows, ankles, knees, feet and around your eyes.
Who have chances to getting atropic dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis usually begins in childhood, but anyone at any age can get it. You’re high risk if you are;-
• African American.
• Diagnosed with hay fever or asthma.
• Part of a family with a history of dermatitis, hay fever or asthma.
Does atropic dermatitis hurts?
No, atropic dermatitis does not hurt. Whereas other types of eczema cause a burning sensation, eczema is usually itchy.
They are extreme painful.
Difference between dermatitis and psoriasis
Psoriasis and dermatitis may appear similar. There are red patches of the skin in both the conditions.
- However, in psoriasis, the scales are thick and the edges of those scales are well-defined.
You can have more than one skin condition at a time. Treatments for one may not work for the other.
Does weather affects the condition of dermatitis?
Low humidity (dry air) can dry out your skin, and sweating caused by high heat can make the itchiness worse.
How long does eczema (atopic dermatitis) last?
Eczema can be lifelong, but symptoms can be managed with at-home remedies, over-the-counter medications and prescribed medications.
Prolonged dermatitis can be dangerous. However with certain medications and some preventive measures can be effective to reduce the severeness of the dermatitis.
Diagnosis of atropic dermatitis
Healthcare provider will take a close look at your skin. They will look for classic signs of eczema such as a redness and dryness. They will ask about the symptoms you’re experiencing.
Usually your healthcare provider will be able to diagnose eczema based on examining your skin. However, when there is doubt, they may perform the following tests;-
• An allergy skin test.
• Blood tests to check for causes of the rash that might be unrelated to dermatitis.
• A skin biopsy to distinguish one type of dermatitis from another.
Treatment of dermatitis
Treating eczema (atopic dermatitis) can be difficult if the cause is something you can’t control, like genetics. Fortunately, you may have some influence over your environment and stress levels.
Do your best to figure out what triggers or worsens your eczema, and then avoid it.
The goal is to reduce itching and discomfort and prevent infection and additional flare-ups.
Some tips to consider in the treatment of dermatitis:-
• Use a humidifier if dry air makes your skin dry.
See a psychiatrist for medication and a therapist for counseling if you’re experiencing symptoms of poor mental/emotional health.
• Moisturize your skin using a cream or ointment. Lotions don’t work as well. Apply several times a day, including after you bathe or shower.
• Use lukewarm water in the tub or shower instead of hot.
• Use mild soaps and other products that are free of perfumes, dyes and alcohol.
• Look for products labeled “fragrance free,” “hypoallergenic” and “for sensitive skin.”
Use skin products that contain ceramide.
• These moisturizers replace some of the “glue” (the barrier) missing from your skin.
• Apply cortisone creams and ointments. Cortisone is an over-the-counter steroid found in hydrocortisone (Cortisone 10) and hydrocortisone acetate (Cort-Aid).
• They may help control the itching and redness.
Take over-the-counter antihistamines for severe itching.
• Take prescription medications. Your healthcare provider may prescribe steroid creams, pills and/or shots.
• Long-term risks include side effects like high blood pressure, weight gain and thinning of the skin.
There are newer medications, called topical immunomodulators (TIMs) that show progress in treating patients who do not respond to other treatments.
• They change the body’s immune response to allergens and have fewer side effects.
Phototherapy:- The ultraviolet light waves found in sunlight have been shown to help certain skin disorders, including eczema. Phototherapy uses ultraviolet light, usually ultraviolet B (UVB), from special lamps.
If your child has skin problems, such as eczema, you can;-
- Avoid long, hot baths, which can dry the skin.
Use lukewarm water instead and give your child sponge baths.
- Apply lotion immediately after bathing while the skin is still moist.
- This will help trap moisture in the skin.
- Keep the room temperature as regular as possible. Changes in room temperature and humidity can dry the skin.
- Keep your child dressed in cotton.
- Wool, silk and manmade fabrics such as polyester can irritate the skin.
- Use mild laundry soap and make sure that clothes are well rinsed.
- Watch for skin infections. Contact your healthcare provider if you notice an infection.
- Help them avoid rubbing or scratching the rash.
- Use moisturizers several times daily.
- In infants with eczema, moisturizing on a regular basis (with each diaper change for example) is extremely helpful.
Does atropic dermatitis has any cure?
No. There are treatments but there is still no scientific cure for atropic dermatitis.
no treatment can claim to eliminate the symptoms of dermatitis 100% of the time.
Preventive tips for atropic dermatitis
There are steps you can take that may prevent eczema outbreaks:
• Establish a skin care routine, and follow your healthcare professional’s recommendations for keeping your skin healthy.
• Wear gloves for jobs where you have to put your hands in water.
• Wear cotton gloves under plastic gloves to absorb sweat, and wear gloves outside, especially during the winter months.
• Use mild soap for your bath or shower, and pat your skin dry instead of rubbing.
• Apply a moisturizing cream or ointment immediately after drying your skin to help seal in the moisture.
• Reapply cream or ointment two to three times a day.
• Take baths or showers with tepid (lukewarm) rather than hot.
• Drink at least eight glasses of water each day. Water helps to keep your skin moist.
• Try to avoid getting too hot and sweaty.
Wear loose clothes made of cotton and other natural materials.
• Wash new clothing before wearing. Avoid wool.
• Avoid sudden changes in temperature and humidity.
• Learn to recognize stress in your life and how to manage it. Regular aerobic exercise, hobbies and stress-management techniques, such as meditation or yoga, might help.
• Limit your exposure to known irritants and allergens.
• Avoid scratching or rubbing itchy areas of skin.
• Count to ten as you take a deep breath. Exercise daily.
• Try not to drink as much caffeine and alcohol.
• Eat healthy.
• Try to have a positive attitude.
• Journal every day.
• Talk about your life with friends, family and a therapist. Be in touch with your closer ones.
• Take sleep at least for 8 hours or more.
- Contact dermatitis
It occurs due to a reaction of substance. This can be happen when you touch that substance which is allergic to you.
The rash isn’t contagious or life-threatening, but it can be very uncomfortable.
Many substances can cause such reactions, including soaps, cosmetics, fragrances, jewelry and plants.
If you can avoid the offending substance, the rash usually clears up in two to four weeks.
There are two types of contact dermatitis;-
- Allergic contact dermatitis
- Irritant contact dermatitisis
Allergic contact dermatitisis:- Allergic contact dermatitisis an immune system reaction to an irritant like latex or metal.
It occurs when a substance to which you’re sensitive (allergen) triggers an immune reaction in your skin. It usually affects only the area that came into contact with the allergen.
But it may be triggered by something that enters your body through foods, flavorings, medicine, or medical or dental procedures (systemic contact dermatitis).
You may become sensitized to a strong allergen such as poison ivy after a single exposure.
Weaker allergens may require multiple exposures over several years to trigger an allergy.
Once you develop an allergy to a substance, even a small amount of it can cause a reaction.
Some common allergens includes;-
• Nickel, which is used in jewelry, buckles and many other items
• Certain medications, such as antibiotic creams and oral antihistamines
• Balsam of Peru, which is used in many products, such as perfumes, cosmetics, mouth rinses and flavorings
• Formaldehyde, which is in preservatives, disinfectants and clothing
• Personal care products, such as deodorants, body washes, hair dyes, cosmetics and nail polish
Plants such as poison ivy and mango, which contain a highly allergenic substance called urushiol
• Airborne substances, such as ragweed pollen and spray insecticides
• Products that cause a reaction when you’re in the sun (photoallergic contact dermatitis), such as some sunscreens and oral medications
Irritant contact dermatitisis:- Irritant contact dermatitis starts when a chemical or other substance irritates your skin.
It is the most common type of eczema.
This non allergic skin reaction occurs when a substance damages your skin’s outer protective layer.
Some people react to strong irritants after a single exposure.
Others may develop signs and symptoms after repeated exposures to even mild irritants. And some people develop a tolerance to the substance over time.
Some common irritants include;-
• Rubbing alcohol
• Shampoos, permanent wave solutions
• Airborne substances, such as sawdust or wool dust
• Fertilizers and pesticides
NOTE:- Children develop the condition from the usual offenders and also from exposure to diapers, baby wipes, sunscreens, clothing with snaps or dyes etc.
Preventive tips for contact dermatitis
There are following preventive tips that can save from contact dermatitis;-
- Avoid irritants and allergens:- There are certain substances that can be reason for contact dermatitis.
Just identify those irritants and allergens.
Avoid substances that irritate your skin or cause an allergic reaction.
- Maintain hygiene:- Remove most of the rash-causing substance if you wash your skin right away after coming into contact with it.
Use a mild, fragrance-free soap and warm water. Rinse completely.
Also wash any clothing or other items that may have come into contact with a plant allergen, such as poison ivy.
- Wear protective gloves and clothes during work with certain irritants and allergens:- Face masks, goggles, gloves and other protective items can shield you from irritating substances, including household cleansers.
- Apply a skin barrier or cream:- These products can provide a protective layer for your skin. For example, an over-the-counter skin cream containing bentoquatam (IvyBlock) may prevent or lessen your skin’s reaction to poison ivy.
- Use moisturizer daily:- Regularly applying moisturizing lotions can help restore your skin’s outermost layer and keep your skin supple.
- Apply mentioned tips on pets:- Allergens from plants, such as poison ivy, can cling to pets and then be spread to people. So follow these mentioned tips on pets too because contact dermatitis can be spread due to contact with pet.
Who have chances to getting contact dermatitis:-
Some following jobs and hobbies put you at higher risk of contact dermatitis;-
- Health care and dental employees
- People who works with metals
- Construction workers
- Hairdressers and cosmetologists
- Auto mechanics
- Swimmers. This occurs in swimmers due to use of the rubber in face masks or goggles
- Agricultural workers
- Cheves and others who works with food
Contact dermatitis can lead to an infection if you repeatedly scratch the affected area, causing it to become wet and oozing.
This creates a good place for bacteria or fungi to grow and may cause an infection.
Dyshidrotic eczema causes small, intensely itchy blisters on the palms of hands, soles of feet and edges of the fingers and toes.
While the actual cause of dyshidrotic eczema isn’t known, it is more common in people who have another form of eczema and tends to run in families, suggesting a genetic component.
“Dyshidrotic eczema, also known as dyshidrosis or pompholyx, is a skin condition in which blisters develop on the soles of your feet and/or the palms of your hands and fingers.”
Who have chances to getting dyshidrotic eczema
There are a variety of factors that may dictate who develops dyshidrotic eczema.
If you are going to develop it, it’ll most likely begin between 20 and 40 years of age. Genetics may also play a role in dyshidrotic eczema. If you have one or more blood relatives with it, there’s a higher chance you could also have it.
A few other factors that may contribute to its development are;-
• You are already living with another type of eczema
• You’ve worked, or currently work, as a mechanic or metalworker (because of the contact to certain metals like nickel)
• You have a history of working with cement (which can contain both cobalt and nickel)
• You already deal with seasonal allergies
• You’re living with asthma
• You have occasional bouts of allergic sinusitis
Treatment of dyshidrotic eczema
Knowing your triggers and maintaining a regular skincare routine can help prevent and manage dyshidrotic eczema flares. Helpful steps can include:
- Wash the affected skin with a mild cleanser and gently pat dry.
- Apply a heavy cream with ingredients like ceramides to help repair the skin barrier.
- Remove rings and other jewelry when you wash your hands so water doesn’t linger on you skin.
- Wash then moisturize hands or feet immediately after coming into contact with a potential trigger.
- Use stress management techniques.
- Keep fingernails short to help prevent scratching from breaking the skin.
- Dermatologists can usually diagnose dyshidrotic eczema with a skin exam and medical history. Many cases improve quickly with a short course of topical corticosteroids combined with soaking or applying cool compresses to affected areas a few times a day to help dry out blisters.
- Because this form of eczema is sometimes linked to a fungal infection on the hands or feet, your dermatologist may prescribe an anti-fungal medication if needed.
- Areas of dyshidrotic eczema are also at risk for bacterial skin infections, which can delay or prevent healing. If you develop swelling, crusting, pain or pus-filled blisters, visit your dermatologist to check for bacterial infection, which requires treatment with oral antibiotics.
- When dyshidrotic eczema is severe or flares happen often, dermatologists may prescribe light therapy, topical calcineurin inhibitors (TCIs) or oral steroids.
- Occasionally, botulinum toxin injections are used to control the sweaty hands and feet that can trigger the condition.
Neurodermatitis is similar to atopic dermatitis.
It causes thick, scaly patches to pop up on your skin.
It is a common type of eczema that affects about 12% of the population.
5. Nummular eczema
Nummular eczema, also known as discoid eczema and nummular dermatitis, features scattered circular, often itchy and sometimes oozing patches.
The word “nummular” comes from the Latin word for “coin,” as the spots can look coin-shaped on the skin.
Treatment of nummular eczema
Nummular eczema can look like psoriasis, ringworm, fungal infection and other types of eczema, including atopic dermatitis, stasis dermatitis and contact dermatitis.
It can also occur along with those types of eczema, though it often appears as an isolated condition. Dermatologists can usually spot the condition but may take a skin scraping to confirm a diagnosis.
Once correctly diagnosed, nummular eczema tends to disappear completely with the right treatment. However, unlike some other forms of eczema, nummular seldom improves without relatively aggressive treatment.
Like atopic dermatitis, patches of nummular eczema are often infected with Staphylococcus aureus (staph), which needs to be treated along with the skin inflammation to clear the condition.
• Nummular eczema can be treated with a mid- or high-potency topical corticosteroid, along with a topical antibiotic.
• If eczema patches are substantially weepy and oozy, application of an astringent compress can help dry the area and drive out any staph infection.
Seborrheic dermatitis appears on the body where there are a lot of oil-producing (sebaceous) glands like the upper back, nose and scalp.
Who have chances to getting the seborrheic eczema?
Seborrheic dermatitis can affect people of any age, though it’s most common in infants and adults between the ages of 30 and 60.
- Among adults and teens, the condition is more common in males.
- In infants, the condition usually clears on its own and doesn’t come back.
- In adults, however, seborrheic dermatitis usually follows a pattern of flaring and clearing that can last for years.
- An inflammatory reaction to excess Malassezia yeast, an organism that normally lives on the skin’s surface, is the likely cause of seborrheic dermatitis.
- Certain medical conditions can increase people’s risk of developing seborrheic dermatitis, including psoriasis, HIV, acne, rosacea, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, alcoholism, depression, eating disorders and recovery from a stroke or heart attack.
Common triggers for seborrheic dermatitis include:
• Hormonal changes or illness
• Harsh detergents, solvents, chemicals and soaps
• Cold and dry weather
• Some medications, including psoralen, interferon and lithium
- Stasis eczema
Stasis dermatitis, also called gravitational dermatitis, venous eczema, and venous stasis dermatitis, happens when there is venous insufficiency, or poor circulation in the lower legs. Venous insufficiency happens when the valves in leg veins that help push blood back to the heart weaken and leak fluid. This allows water and blood cells to pool in the lower legs.
Venous insufficiency can be caused by aging, but it can also signal a serious underlying medical condition, such as heart or kidney disease.
Who have chances to getting stasis eczema?
Stasis dermatitis most frequently affects people with poor circulation, usually people over the age of 50. Women are more likely to get it than men.
Not everyone with venous insufficiency develops stasis dermatitis, but poor circulation increases risk.
Other factors that can be a reason to getting stasis eczema;-
- Varicose veins
- High blood pressure
- Obesity, vein surgeries
- Multiple pregnancies
- A history of blood clots in the legs
- Congestive heart failure
- Kidney failure
- Certain lifestyle factors such as getting little physical activity or having a job that involves hours of sitting or standing
Symptoms of eczema
There are 7 types of eczema. Each type has separate symptoms.
There are following symptoms of each type of eczema;-
- Atopic eczema
- The rash often forms in the creases of elbows or knees
- Rashes anywhere on the body
- Weep fluid and bleed when scratched
- Dryness of the skin
- Discolouration of skin
- Rash may turn lighter or darker, or get thicker
- Small bumps may appear on the infected areas
- Sore or painful skin
- Babies often get the rash on their scalp and cheeks
- Contact eczema
- Burning sensation
- Itchy bumps called hives may pop up on your skin
- Fluid-filled blisters can form that may ooze and crust over
- Over time, the skin may thicken and feel scaly or leathery
- A red rash
- Itching, which may be severe
- Dry, cracked, scaly skin
- Bumps and blisters, sometimes with oozing and crusting
- Dyshidrotic Eczema
- Flares happen only on the hands and feet
- Deep-seated blisters called vesicles
- Sometimes itching and burning sensations
- Painful fissures or cracks
- Dryness and tenderness in the skin
- Anywhere you can reach to scratch
- The eyelids can also be affected, as can genital and anal areas.
- Itching can come and go or be active all the time
- Thick, leathery patches
- Discoloration of the skin
- Over time, scratching scalp patches can cause hair loss.
- Nummular eczema
- Coin-shaped lesions on arms, legs, torso and/or hands
- Itching and burning
- Lesions that are oozing liquid or have crusted over
- Red, pinkish or brown, scaly and inflamed skin around the lesions.
- Greasy patches
- In teens, seborrheic eczema forms in the scalp redness, swelling and greasy scaling can develop on the sides of the nose.
- Seborrheic eczema can also forms on the mid-chest, upper back and in the armpits and groin area.
- It can appear on other parts of the body, but this is uncommon.
- Besides ankle swelling, early signs include orange-brown speckles of discoloration
- Redness in lighter skin tones that may appear brown, purple, gray or ashen in darker skin tones
- A heavy or achy feeling after long periods of sitting or standing
- Increased risk of developing contact dermatitis
Causes of eczema
There are 7 types of eczema and each type of eczema have separate causes, so let’s discuss the possible causes of eczema;-
- Atopic dermatitis
Atopic eczema is likely to be caused by a combination of things.
People with atopic eczema often have very dry skin because their skin is unable to retain much moisture. This dryness may make the skin more likely to react to certain triggers, causing it to become itchy and sore.
You may be born with an increased likelihood of developing atopic eczema because of the genes you inherit from your parents.
Research has shown children who have 1 or both parents with atopic eczema, or who have other siblings with eczema, are more likely to develop it themselves.
Atopic eczema is not infectious, so it cannot be passed on through close contact.
- Contact eczema
There are two main types of contact dermatitis.
- Irritates your skin, causing irritant contact dermatitis
- Triggers an allergic reaction, causing allergic contact dermatitis
- Irritant contact dermatitis:- When something injures and then irritates your skin, it causes this type of contact dermatitis. Common irritants that can injure your skin, causing irritant contact dermatitis, include;-
- Detergents and bleach
- Fruit juice
- Hand sanitizers
- Gasoline and diesel oil
- Fertilizers and pesticides
- Chemicals used to remove grease, oils, and cutting fluids
The above list gives you an idea of what can irritate your skin. It’s important to know that these are just a few of the many things that can irritate your skin. Under the right circumstances, even water can cause irritant contact dermatitis.
- Allergic contact dermatitis:- It can be difficult to figure out what’s causing allergic contact dermatitis because it takes time for the rash to appear.
When your skin touches an allergen (what you’re allergic to), this triggers your immune system.
A series of events occur inside your body before your skin reacts. For this reason, it can take hours or days before you develop a rash and symptoms.
- Metal, especially nickel or cobalt
- An ingredient in a personal care product
- Medication, especially aspirin or birth control pills
- An infusion of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)
- Smoking tobacco
- A skin infection, such as athlete’s foot
This could explain why neurodermatitis often begins when a person feels an intense emotion like stress, anxiety, or depression. These may cause a mind-body reaction.
- An allergy
- A bug bite
- An injured nerve
- Excessively dry skin
- Atopic dermatitis or psoriasis (skin diseases)
- Poor blood flow
Other possible causes of neurodentritis eczema include;-
- Wearing tight clothing, especially if made of wool, rayon, or polyester
- Being exposed to lots of traffic exhaust
- Sweating or heat
- Intense stress
- Dry air
- Heat and humidity
- A skin injury, like a bug bite or scrape
- A skin infection
- Drinking alcohol heavily
- Starting a medication that can cause extremely dry skin.
Factors may include the yeast that normally lives on our skin, our genes, living in a cold and dry climate, stress, and a person’s overall health.
- hypertension (high blood pressure),
- Having varicose veins,
- blood clots in the legs,
- insufficient physical activity.
Home remedies for eczema
There are following home remedies that can be effective to reduce the risk of eczema;-
- Aloe Vera gel
Aloe vera possesses potent moisturizing and antibacterial properties, which make it useful in treating inflammatory conditions such as dermatitis
The application of aloe vera gel helps restore skin pH, which may relieve skin irritation and itching.
Ways to use Aloe Vera gel :-
- Extract fresh aloe vera gel from a leaf and apply it to the affected areas a few times a day until you see improvement.
- Aloe vera juice to help improve your skin health.
- Colloidal oatmeal
Soaking yourself in a colloidal oatmeal bath can help relieve the itching, irritation, and rashes, while cleaning and moisturizing the skin at the same time.
Ways to use colloidal oatmeal:-
- Mix 1 cup of powdered oatmeal in lukewarm bathwater and soak in it for 15–20 minutes. Repeat this treatment every day for 1 month.
- Apply over-the-counter oatmeal creams to help treat mild atopic dermatitis in children
- Coconut oil
Coconut oil is a natural moisturizer and antimicrobial agent that can be useful in providing relief from dermatitis.
Applying coconut oil to the affected area can effectively reduce the scaling, dryness, and redness.
Ways to use Coconut oil:-
Warm some coconut oil and apply it to the affected area. It is best to leave it overnight for maximum effect.
- Honey ointment
Honey possesses anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antiseptic properties and is therefore beneficial in the treatment of dermatitis.
The topical use of manuka honey, twice a day, helps to improve radiation-induced dermatitis.
Ways to use honey ointment:-
- Mix manuka honey with olive oil and beeswax.
Heat this mixture in a double boiler to make an ointment and allow it to cool.
- Apply the ointment to your skin daily for a few weeks.
- Apple cider vinegar
The topical use of apple cider vinegar (ACV) can help manage the itching and irritation associated with dermatitis.
Ways to use apple cider vinegar:-
- Dilute ACV with equal parts water. Using a clean cotton ball, apply the solution to the affected area daily. Clean with a damp cloth after 30 minutes of application.
- Consume 2 teaspoons of ACV with a glass of water 2–3 times a day.