Gallstones are hardened deposits of bile that form in a gallbladder. Common and usually harmless, gallstones can also cause pain, nausea, or inflammation. It is a hardened deposit within the fluid in the gallbladder, a small organ in the liver.
The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ located under the liver that stores and releases bile. It can range in size from a grain of sand to a golf ball. Bile is the fluid your liver produces that helps to digest fats in the food eaten. The gallbladder is a small pouch that sits just under the liver. After meals, the gallbladder is empty and flat, like a deflated balloon. Before a meal, the gallbladder may be full of bile and about the size of a small pear.
The main function of a gallbladder is to store bile. It concentrates bile, and when stimulated to contract, it ejects Bile into the lumen of the small intestine. Bile helps your digestive system break down the fats, as mentioned above. The problem of the gallbladder is usually due to a blockage in bile ducts. The most common source of blockage is gallstones, which develop when a substance in bile hardens. The gallbladder is located in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen that ranges from the bottom of the sternum (breastbone) to the navel. The gallbladder can be found under the liver.
Gallbladder Symptoms/Gallstones symptoms
If gallstone completely block the flow of bile to the gallbladder, these symptoms are seen
- Fever and chills
- Night sweats
- Swelling of stomach
- Over sweating
- Greasy or light-colored stools
Gallstones are solid masses formed from bile precipitates. These stones may occur in the gallbladder or the biliary tract.
There are two types of gallstone cholesterol and pigment stones. Both types have their unique epidemiology and risk factors. Cholesterol stones are yellow-green and are primarily made of hard cholesterol. Cholesterol stones are mostly found in women, and obese people are associated with black or brownstones. Black pigment stones are made of pure calcium, copper, and glycoproteins. These gallstones typically form a condition of stasis. Black pigment stones are more likely to remain in the bladder.
Gallstones may form if bile contains too much cholesterol, too much bilirubin, or not enough bile salts. People who experience symptoms usually require gallbladder removal surgery. If gallstones remain negligently untreated, it might lead to life-threatening conditions such as cholecystitis and sepsis. Moreover, it might potentially trigger the risk to develop gallbladder cancer.
Foods to avoid in gallstone
- Fried foods (fried chicken, french fries, potato chips)
- High fat dry products (milk, butter, cheese, ice-cream)
- Fatty meats (beef, pork)
- Processed meats (bacon, ham, sausage)
- Sugary foods
- Acidic foods
- Carbonated soft drinks.
Who are more likely to have gallstones?
- Overweight people(post bariatric surgery)
- Female (particularly if you have had children)
- 40 or over (the risk increases as you get older)
- People with a family history of gallstones.
- American have genes that is the amount of cholesterol in their bile.
- Pregnant women
How to relieve gallbladder pain/gallstone pain?
A heated compress can calm spasms and relieve pressure from bile build-up. To relieve gallbladder pain, wet a towel with warm water and apply it to the affected area for ten to fifteen minutes.
One can perfectly live without a gallbladder. The liver will make enough bile to digest the food, but instead of being stored in the gallbladder, it drips continuously into the digestive system. Without a gallbladder, there is no place for bile to collect. Instead, the liver releases bile straight into the small intestine. However, large amounts of fatty, greasy, high-fiber food become harder to digest.
Home Remedies for gallstones
Apple Cider vinegar
The acidic property present in apple cider vinegar helps to control the cholesterol in our body. It is well known about the Apple Cider vinegar benefits, it can even make the gallstone out of our body if used in the right amount.
Take one glass of lukewarm water and add one spoon of Apple Cider vinegar with one spoon of lemon juice, mix it well. Take this regularly. It also reduces gallbladder pain.
Lemon juice must be added to one’s daily routine. Lemon contains vitamin C and vitamin B. Along with this, it contains fiber, magnesium, iron, calcium, phosphorus in proper amounts. Having lemon every day reduces cholesterol in the body.
Take one glass of lukewarm water and add lemon juice to it. Drink this every morning before your meals.
Castor oil has medicinal properties. It also contains healing properties which help the gallstone in diluting. Half cup of castor oil and put it on a gas flame. Now apply this oil on a cotton cloth and then squeeze the cloth. Then put this cloth over the liver. Then cover the cloth with a plastic sheet. Lastly, take a hot water bag and put it above the cloth.
Isabgol contains the proper amount of cholesterol in our body, it also allows a large amount of gallstone to develop. It ties the cholesterol, which is in a larger amount. Take half a cup of isabgol and water and soak it for half an hour. Then eat it.
Pears contain pectin, which makes the gallstone soft, which will let the gallstone out of the body easily. It also helps the patients to fight stone-related problems. Fruits high in vitamin C pawpaws, kiwi fruit pineapple strawberry is also good for gallstones.
Turmeric can stimulate bile formation to ease gallbladder emptying. Incorporating turmeric into our diet can also reduce inflammation and gallbladder pain. Turmeric can be made into a tea to drink daily for pain relief. Curcumin is also available as an oral supplement.
The roots of dandelion are used as a gentle digestive bitter to improve digestion increase the bile flow chlorotic and relieve nausea vomiting and improve appetite. The constituents in Dandelion and increased by flow and act as an appetite stimulant. Take some dry and dandelion roots, make a powder of it then mix it with honey and add lukewarm water to it. For better results, have this two times a day.
Peppermint contains methanol, a compound that promotes pain relief. It can be used to ease stomach pain, improve digestion, and relieves nausea. It removes gallbladder pain and improves gallbladder health, you can try drinking peppermint tea.