Urinating in the morning is a very common behavior. While you were asleep, your body organs were still functioning and your kidney was still filtering liters of blood in your body. When you woke up in the morning, you have this urge to pee. But you noticed a burning sensation while urinating. Is this a sign of some disease, or burning sensation while urinating in the morning is a sign of some disorder in the body.
The burning sensation during urination is also known in medical language as “Dysuria”
It is a symptom of the burning, itching sensation in the urethra. It is a widespread urinary symptom experienced by most people at least once over their lifetime. Dysuria typically occurs when urine comes in contact with the inflamed or irritated urethral mucosal lining.
“Dysuria is a condition that refers to painful, burning urination”
Which body part causes a burning sensation while urinating?
Females use their urethra only for urinating, but males use their urethra for both urination and ejaculation.
In the human male, the urethra is on average 18 to 20 centimeters (7.1 to 7.9 in) long and opens at the end of the external urethral meatus.
In the human female, the urethra is about 4 cm long.
Epidemiology of Dysuria
Burning sensation while urine typically affects about 3% of all adults over 40 years of age at any given time, making it one of the most common of all urinary symptoms. Acute cystitis is the most common cause of dysuria. It accounts for about 7 million outpatient visits yearly in the United States, with one-fifth of these occurring in Emergency Departments.
Who have chances to get Burning sensation while urinating?
This can happen to anyone, but females have more chances to have dysuria due to the small urethra.
Types of Dysuria
There are the following types of dysuria;-
- Lower urinary tract infection
- Upper urinary tract infection
Lower urinary tract infection:- It is also called cystitis. Dysuria is a common symptom of a bladder infection (cystitis). Cystitis is very common in women aged 20 to 50.
An infection often starts when bacteria enter the opening where urine comes out (urethra) during sexual intercourse. Bacteria also can enter the urethra in women and girls who wipe with toilet tissue from back to front. Once bacteria enter a woman’s urethra, it only has to travel a short distance to the bladder.
In men over age 50, a bladder infection usually is associated with an enlarged prostate or prostate infection.
Upper urinary tract infection:- A kidney usually becomes infected because bacteria have traveled to the kidney from an infection in the bladder. It is also called Pyelonephritis, and it is more common in women than in men.
Kidney infections occur more commonly in the following conditions;-
- During pregnancy
- In men with an enlarged prostate
- In people with diabetes
- In people with abnormal bladder function
- In people with persistent kidney stones
- In children with an abnormal backflow of urine from the bladder to the kidneys (called vesicoureteral reflux) or an obstruction related to abnormal development of the urinary tract.
Vaginitis:- Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina. It can be caused by an allergic reaction to an irritating chemical (spermicide, douche, bath soap), a low level of estrogen after menopause, or an object such as a tampon that was not removed. It can also be caused by infection. Common infections include:-
- Bacterial vaginosis, a condition linked to changes in the normal bacteria that live in the vagina
- Candidiasis, also called a yeast infection
- Trichomoniasis, a sexually transmitted disease caused by the microscopic one-celled organism Trichomonas vaginalis .
Urethritis:- Urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra. It is usually caused by sexually transmitted diseases (such as chlamydia and gonorrhea). Urethritis also can be caused by contact with an irritating chemical (such as antiseptics, bubble bath, or some spermicides) or by irritation from an object, such as a tube (catheter) inserted to drain urine.
Symptoms of dysuria
Depending on the cause of dysuria, there may be other symptoms in addition to pain when urinating. Symptoms can include:-
Lower urinary tract infection:- There are the following symptoms of cystitis;-
- Intense urge to urination
- The colour of the urine will be cloudy
- Urine has strong odor
- Blood can also appear in the urine
- Frequent urination
- Pain in the lower front abdomen region
Upper urinary tract infection:- There are the following symptoms of urinary tract infection;-
- Cloudy urine
- High fever with shaking chills
- Pain in the upper back
- Frequent urination
- An intense urge to urination
Vaginitis:- There are the following symptoms of vaginitis;-
- Pain in the vagina
- Itching in vagina
- Soreness in the vagina
- Foul smelling vaginal discharge
- Pain and discomfort during intercourse
Urethritis:- There are the following symptoms of urethritis;-
- Vaginal discharge
- Partners of people with urethritis that comes from a sexually transmitted disease often will not have any symptoms
- Redness around the opening of the urethra
- frequent urination
Causes of burning sensation Peeing
There are the following common causes of urine burning sensation
Urinary tract infection
This is the biggest factor of dysuria. As the name implies, a UTI is when any part of your urinary tract (think kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra) gets infected. UTI is caused by bacterial infections of the urinary tract. A UTI happens when bacteria, often E. coli, get into your bladder or urethra. The bacteria can travel upward from there and possibly even cause a kidney infection.
Bacteria often adhere to the inner lining of the urethra, and if the UTI is not treated quickly, it can quickly spread to other urinary structures.
Painful urination, increased frequency of urination, and changes in urine color are some of the symptoms of urinary tract infection.
Due to having shorter urethras, people with vaginas tend to get more UTIs than people with penises.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
STDs, which include chlamydia, herpes, and gonorrhea, are also some of the causes of burning or painful urination.
These sexually transmitted infections are also caused by bacteria and can occur along with genital sores, vaginal discharge, and itching in the groin area.
Vaginal yeast infection
An uncomfortable burning sensation while you pee is also a common symptom of yeast infections, which happen due to an overgrowth of yeast in the vagina. Yeast infections are pretty common—they happen to three out of four women at some point in their lifetime, and many will experience them at least twice in their life.
There are also hormonal causes that can cause a burning sensation when urinating. Hormonal changes during menopause (mainly the loss of estrogen) can result in a phenomenon known as atrophic vaginitis.
Postmenopausal effects, such as vaginal dryness, could be one of the hormonal causes. The skin of the vulva and vagina thin out, which can lead to painful urination as well as burning and irritation during sex and while just going about your daily life.
Unnecessary hygiene products
The vagina has a good self-cleaning protocol, if you will, to keep its pH in balance and keep things in order. Some feminine hygiene products claim to clean the vagina or have a fresh smell.
They alter the natural pH balance in the vagina.
The skin of the vagina is very sensitive and easily irritated if it comes into contact with certain chemicals.
This, in turn, can lead to burning when urinating or painful urination.” ” Keeping your vagina clean is actually the whole point of discharge. So when you use unnecessary products like douches or hygiene washes (or even put soap into your vagina), you might wind up with irritation that leads to urinary burning. If your skin is super sensitive, this can even happen from fragrant bubble baths.”
Sex-related vaginal tears
The sharp, sudden pain of burning while peeing might come with a surge of panic that something is really, really wrong, but that’s not always true. “Little abrasions from sex can cause some burning while peeing and irritation.” Vaginal tears can also cause painful urination or a burning sensation when urinating.
Vaginal tears generally occur during a vigorous sexual session.
When urine comes in contact with these abrasions, it can cause a surge of pain and also a burning sensation. It is also during delivery that vaginal tears happen.
You might have noticed that the sex was uncomfortable during the act, or maybe it felt great in the moment but you’re realizing afterward that you’re a little sore.
Cancer of the urethra, prostate cancer, bladder cancer, vaginal cancer, or penile cancer can also cause a burning sensation when urinating or painful urination.
Women are at particular risk of a UTI because bacteria can move more easily into their urinary tract because the urethra and anus are close together. Other factors that can increase the risk of urinary tract infections include:-
- The pregnancy
- Structural defects of the urinary tract
- Being sexually active
- Any factor that obstructs the flow of urine, for example, kidney stones, an enlarged prostate
- Have a catheter inserted into your bladder
- Poor personal hygiene
- Being postmenopausal
- Using a diaphragm for birth control
- Have a weakened immune system
Tips to prevent Burning sensation while urine
Urine burning sensation can be prevented easily with the following common tips;-
- Drink at least 7-8 glass of water
- Urinate at bedtime
- Urinate after sexual intercourse
- Not holding the urge of urine for an excessive amount of time
- Good hygiene
- Women should wipe from front to back after having a bowel movement. They should urinate soon after sexual intercourse to flush bacteria out of the urethra
- Women should keep their genital area clean and dry, change tampons and sanitary napkins frequently and should avoid using irritating soaps, vaginal sprays and douches. To avoid irritation in female children, limit bubble baths, wash girls thoroughly but gently after playing in the sand and be wary of extended play in wet swimsuits, all of which can lead to irritation and redness of the vulva (vulvitis)
- Avoid any irritating product on the outside of your genitals if you are experiencing dysuria
- To help prevent dysuria caused by STD’s, practice safe sex. This includes always using a condom unless you have one steady sexual partner.
- Both men and women should urinate after sexual intercourse.
Home remedies for dysuria
There are the following common home remedies for burning sensation while urinating, and all home remedies are also natural and free from side effects;-
It has great antibacterial and antiviral properties. Research shows that clove oil also inhibits both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, while boosting the immune system. It has Eugenol, which is responsible for anti-inflammatory activities and antimicrobial activity against fungi and bacteria. Also boosts your immune system.
This aids in digestion and improves circulation. It is a natural diuretic, which flushes out toxins and retained water. Cardamom can also kill many bacteria like Streptococcus mutant. Cardamom has been used for generations as a natural breath freshener, digestive aid and to improve circulation. It also acts as a diuretic, helping flush out toxins and retained water. In addition, research shows that it can kill certain types.
How to use cardamom
Just mix one teaspoon of cardamom powder in one cup of warm milk and drink it before retiring for the night.
It is one of the biggest immune system boosters of all.” When fighting an infection, it is imperative that you consume vitamin C-rich foods each day and add a high-quality food-based supplement to your routine as the body doesn’t produce it or store it.”